Does the Essential Medicines Policy Succeed in China? Empirical Study on Rational Medicine Use in Primary Health Institutions

Time

Mon, Jun 24 10:00AM
M 10

Title

Does the Essential Medicines Policy Succeed in China? Empirical Study on Rational Medicine Use in Primary Health Institutions

Abstract Summary

Prescriptions data were from primary health institutions in 4 provinces of different economic status, Zhejiang, Anhui, Shandong and Ningxia. Materials from Zhejiang and Anhui province were collected though the programme "Mid-term Evaluation on Implementation Effect of Essential Medicines Policy" organized by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in the end of 2010. Materials from Shandong and Ningxia province were collected by our group and local academic intitutions through some field-works in the rural areas in 2011. The materials were original prescriptions and randomly selected 100 for each year from each primary health institutions. We extracted the data: the totoal number of medicines, the number of essential medines and antibiotics, whether injections used or not, whether hormones used or not from every individual prescriptions. The policy implementation began in the beginning of 2010, so we considered 2009 as before the policy implementation period and 2010, 2011 (prescriptions from Zhejiang and Anhui without this year data) as after the policy implementation period. Around the policy implementation, the average total number of medicines, the average number of essential medicines and antibiotic per prescription were respectively compared by t-test and one-way ANOVA, and the proportion of prescriptions with antibiotic, injection or hormone were respectively compared by chi-square test. The results were compared with WHO standard.

Poster Presenter

Shi Yin
MSc,
University of Macau
Macao

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